During the administration of President Ulysses S. Grant, the United States considered annexing the Dominican Republic, whose president at the time, Buenaventura Báez, died in Puerto Rico 128 years ago today. An investigating commission, which included Frederick Douglass, visited the country in 1871, a year after President Grant had mentioned the idea of annexing the Dominican Republic, referred to as the Republic of San Domingo, in his State of the Union address. Annexation of the Caribbean country also came with the consideration that many of the United States’ African-American population, many of whom had been recently freed from slavery, would migrate to the majority-Black island. The annexation of the country also included the purchase of Samaná Bay. The annexation treaty was fiercely opposed by Sen. Charles Sumner, head of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and was eventually defeated in the United States legislature.